cast large bells weighing from 130 to 160 tons, including the famous Tsar Bell weighing 200 tons Bronze Russian guns contain 7 – 11% tin, up to 2% zinc and 0.4 – 1% lead. For the bronze bell used with a high content of tin. So, bronze Tsar Bell contains 17.21% tin and 81.94% copper, the rest – the impurity. Great importance for the development of casting was, inter alia, the creation of Peterhof fountains with cast lead figures, made by Dutch and English masters. At the end of the first quarter of xviii century. orders for sculpture abroad declined significantly, as in St.
Petersburg began to cast the sculpture in lead in the workshops BKRastrelli and F. Vass, as well as on Vasilevsky Island in the workshops of the huts. Casting a golden. In the Summer the garden was a lead sculpture depicting Aesop and various animals – the characters Aesopian fables. Lead statues Peterhof fountains served until the early 30's. xviii century. By this time they are dilapidated and deformed. In Russia, the foundation of the Statutory casting was initiated in the first quarter of xviii century., In the reign of Peter I.
Then came the outstanding works of sculpture, cast in bronze. Technique of casting and in pre-Petrine times was relatively high, but then she found application mainly in the casting of guns, bells, in the applied decorative arts. In the casting technique of the time is largely dominated by the influence Italian masters, but from the xv century.