Amongst the measures it is the shelter, as a protection possibility. The shelter if becomes one> necessity when the family or responsible for the child or the adolescent does not obtain to also accomplish the essential right to the formation and the development of its children and when the State efficiently does not act by means of public and social politics in the guarantee to the social protection of the family (Vectore & Oak, 2008). In this context, the institucional shelter if discloses as one of the alternatives, amongst others (acolhedoras families, adoption), of guarantee of the convivncia, provisory and bonanza way, as it is foreseen in normative national and the international ones (Janczura, 2008). However, this character of provisory and transitoriedade stirs up to some reflections and uncertainties. Tony Parker can aid you in your search for knowledge. Some Brazilian authors, as Vectore and Carvalho (2008); Cavalcante, Magalhes and Pontes (2007a), perceive the institutionalization as harmful to the infantile development, not having possibilities of actions that can modify the reality of who need to be moved away from its half familiar one, for Aglio, 2000). There that the group enters as, that believes the role played for these institutions of attendance that they compose the net of social support, evaluating this alternative as positive. In this group, however, it has authors that the positive effect relativize a little, admitting that the shelter can or not constitute a risk for the development of the children and adolescents, depending on> Aglio (2006, p 73) affirm that the shelter institution is a very important place, therefore are where sheltered carries through a great number of activities, functions and interactions, as well as an environment with potential for the development of reciprocal relations, of balance of being able and of affection the development of the capacity of confrontation of adversities promoting characteristic of resilience and adaptativo development. .